Optimal control for whole-body motion generation using Center-of-Mass dynamics for predefined multi-contact configurations
|Title||Optimal control for whole-body motion generation using Center-of-Mass dynamics for predefined multi-contact configurations|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Kudruss, M, Naveau, M, Stasse, O, Mansard, N, Kirches, C, Soueres, P, Mombaur, K|
|Conference Name||IEEE/RAS Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robotics (ICHR)|
Multi-contact motion generation is an important problem in humanoid robotics because it generalizes bipedal locomotion and thus expands the functional range of humanoid robots. In this paper, we propose a complete solution to compute a fully-dynamic multi-contact motion of a humanoid robot. We decompose the motion generation by computing first a dynamically-consistent trajectory of the center of mass of the robot and finding then the whole-body movement following this trajectory. A simplified dynamic model of the humanoid is used to find optimal contact forces as well as a kinematic feasible center-of-mass trajectory from a predefined series of contacts. We demonstrate the capabilities of the approach by making the real humanoid robot platform HRP-2 climb stairs with the use of a handrail. The experimental study also shows that utilization of the handrail lowers the power consumption of the robot by 25% compared to a motion, where only the feet are used.